by Dr. Anna Roslyakova
Over the past few years, the incidence of the teenage pregnancy is increased to some extent. Despite of the fact that a lot of effective birth control pills are available worldwide, but, unfortunately, many girls get pregnant when they don’t want to.
Insufficient knowledge of the prenatal care and low education about the preventive measures is the most common factors responsible for the teenage pregnancy.
Young adolescent pregnancy is not just becoming a significant problem nowadays, yet, it also has a bad social, economical and psychological impact on the girls. To be in a relationship is absolutely your decision, but, if you don’t know that how your little negligence can affect you and drag you towards the adversity, then, you can get into a trouble.
Across the globe, around 16 million women aged 15-19 get pregnant annually. Out of 100 percent, about 95 percent unwanted adolescent pregnancies occur in the low to middle-income-countries. Additionally, sexual assault also has an important role in the teenage pregnancies.
Though, the awareness about the sexual assault and the tactics to how to deal with any such situation is providing in every country, but, still, 10% of girls who has first sexual intercourse due to the sexual assault get pregnant before the age of 15.
However, without taking the birth controlling preventive measures, if you have a sexual intercourse, you’re more likely to get pregnant in your teens- more dangerous for your health and as well as the baby’s health.
Adolescent pregnancy puts you towards higher risks!!!
Though, the teenage pregnancy is nothing more than a crisis for the girl. She’ll be more depressed, more ashamed, and guilty and often, deny with this fact. From school dropout to the poverty, to the physical and mental illness and to the fear, all these factors knock the life of the teenaged pregnant girl. Consequently, she’ll not take care of herself and will welcome most of the complications.
Following are the dangers of the teenage pregnancy listed below,
1. Low birthweight: since, the teenage girl will not gain the weight during her pregnancy; it’ll lead to the low birthweight. Along with a threat to the life of a teenage mother, the child’s health status will also be critical and complicated. Low birthweight infants are more likely to have not fully developed organs, increasing the rate of the mortality. Bleeding from the brain, respiratory illness and intestinal problems are the severe problems experienced by the low-birthweight children.
2. Nutritional deficiencies: As, it is stated above that the teenaged pregnant girls don’t know too much about the prenatal care, they eventually develop the bad eating habits later on. Smoking, alcohol drinking and often, using drug even, during pregnancy are the most common unhealthy nutritional approaches of the young pregnant girls.
3. Anemia: Due to the low nutritional intake, the iron deficiency occurs in the body during the teenage pregnancy. As compared to adults, the teenagers have low iron stores. When the girl is pregnant, she needs more iron in order to compete with the demand of the body, but, as she doesn’t have that much stock of the iron in the body, it results in the iron deficiency-anemia.
4. Hypertension: Among all the medical problems, the high blood pressure is like the root cause of every medical issue. Women in their 20’s or even 30’s are more likely to have the pregnancy-induced-hypertension, resulting in the excess protein in the urine, swelling in the hands and face along with more chances of the organ damage. In order to manage the symptoms, certain pills are suggested, but, later on, it leaves a negative impact on the baby’s health like the premature birth.
5. Premature birth: if the baby is born before 37 weeks, then, it is known as the premature birth. Because the teenaged pregnant girls won’t get the adequate prenatal care and more possibly taking the antihypertensive pills, the chances of the premature birth will be automatically increased.
6. Sexually transmitted diseases: Teens having a sex during pregnancy can get affected by the sexually transmitted diseases. Chlamydia and HIV are the major concerns among all the STDs. Perhaps, latex condoms are advised to prevent the STDs.
Teenage pregnancy and its psychological impact
Due to the unwanted pregnancy, the girls experience the variety of mental illnesses. She may feel alone and often, isolate herself from the social get-togethers. Dr. Stefanie Mollborn of the University of Colorado conducted a study and she found a link between the stress and the teenage pregnancy. Especially, for those children who hesitate to tell this news to their parents feel scared, anger and disappointed either.
For a teen expectant mother, the denial is the initial reaction towards the positive pregnancy test. Also, the teenage mother would also become preoccupied with herself, neglecting her education, her family and her friends. However, the self esteem may also get affected.
Signs of conception
Within few weeks of the sexual intercourse, you can experience the signs of the conception. All of this would be new for you and you should need to consult with your gynecologist as early as you can. Along with the missed periods, you can experience the following symptoms:
• Nausea with or without vomiting
• Tender or swollen breasts
• Increased urine output
• Food cravings
• Lethargic or fatigued
• Slight bleeding (also known as the first sign of pregnancy)
• Uterine cramping
• Mood swings
• Altered body temperature
If you aren’t pretty much sure that either the symptoms are because of the conception or the menstrual cycle, get the home pregnancy test done immediately.
Importance of consultation about family planning
For the teenage parenthood, it would be more challenging to decide what would be your next step. Teenage girls and boys should consult with the professionals for getting the complete education about rather the early child would be appropriate or when it’s right time to start their family.
Consultation and awareness regarding the teenage parenthood can keep you away from many problems, especially, for the girl’s health. Hence, before taking the decisions right away, try to find the solution for it.
The Preventive Measures for reducing teenage pregnancy
For the sake of your health and improving your quality of life, implement the efficient measures to minimize the chance of the young adolescent pregnancy. Read below list…
• Before sexual intercourse, you should have the deep knowledge of the medical issues originated due to the sexual intercourse.
• Perception about peer norms and sexual behavior
• Avoid the places and situations that can lead towards the sexual intercourse.
• Use a latex condom
• Use birth controlling pills
• Use the Intrauterine devices (IUDs) and implants, also known as long-acting reversible contraception- most effective birth control method for the teens.
• Choose not to have sex
• Learn to say ‘No’. If you feel anything uncomfortable, stand up for yourself.
• Talk about the contraception options to your partner before having the sex.
• Keep the Plan B ready!!! If you had a sex and didn’t use the protection, then take pills in the morning or its better to visit to a gynecologist right away.
Note for all the parents!!!
As parents, your relationship with your daughter should be very frank and strong enough, so that, if she would experience any weird situation in her life, she would have a strong support to her and she can tell you easily the problem. It’s your responsibility to educate about the safe sex including, how to prevent the diseases and how to use the birth controlling pills. Know your daughter’s friends and family. Discourage early, steady and frequent dating. Know what your kids are watching, reading and listening to.
Teenage pregnancy is very challenging for any girl, but, if you take this issue into a serious account, you can surely prevent the early pregnancies. Just remember, before making any decision, get an opinion of the professional consultation first.
Dr. Anna Roslyakova, a trustworthy expat doctor in Phnom Penh Cambodia, is a qualified and certified obstetrician-gynecologist. She offers a professional, yet personalized approach to gynecology, obstetrics and general women’s health through her own clinic.