Your heart and brain are in danger! Revealing the complete story of cardiovascular disease ( by Dr. Anna Roslyakova )
Every cell of your body receives the optimum level of fresh oxygen by passing through the blood pumping organ-heart. In this extremely hectic and busy routine, you won’t have an idea how your heart is more vulnerable to many life-threatening conditions.
Cardiovascular diseases are now getting more attention due to its high incidence in developing as well as developed countries. Despite that we’re adopting a healthy lifestyle, but do you really think this is enough to prevent chance of cardiovascular disease? How about knowing more ways to stay away from the lethal conditions?
Cardiovascular disease is reported as the first leading cause of death after cancer and infectious disease. The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increasing and emerging especially, in the developing countries. Globally, 86% morbidity and mortality are related to the cardiovascular disease throughout the world. According to another study, it is estimated that around 17.5 million are affected by the cardiovascular disease worldwide. out of 17.5 million, 7.5 million people die annually due to coronary heart disease whereas 6.7 million lose their battle of death because of stroke.
So, your cardiovascular system is as important as your nervous system. If it stops working, survival could be very, very difficult.
Cardiovascular disease - the ladder leading to death
Your cardiovascular system plays an important in supplying the fresh oxygen and excreting out the carbon dioxide. But, its functionality isn’t as simple as it seems to be. Your heart is surrounded by numerous blood vessels, which have a lot of roles. Not only, these blood vessels nourish the heart, yet, these make the function of the heart more efficient. Cardiovascular diseases are a set of disorders, including:
• Coronary heart disease- this happens when your heart, blood vessels and muscles are not working properly.
• Rheumatic heart disease--if your heart muscles and valves are affected from the infectious disease e.g. streptococcal bacteria, then you can experience rheumatic fever and other symptoms of this disease.
• Cerebrovascular disease--when the blood vessel supplied to your brain is damaged, it can lead to the serious illnesses.
• Congenital heart disease--the malformations developed in cardiovascular system at birth could eventually threaten the entire mechanism of oxygen supply and carbon dioxide elimination.
• Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism- when the blood clot is formed in your leg veins and it lodged in any of your artery supplied to the lungs and heart, then, it can severely compromise the entire blood circulation process.
So, where would you categorize heart attacks and stroke in the above list? Well, both these are connected. When the fatty deposition occurs within three major arteries supplying heart and brain, it results in the blockage of blood supply to the particular area. Initially, the fatty deposition won’t be excessive, it may start within the layers of the vessels, but, if it goes unnoticed, the fatty deposition would be larger and eventually, your entire artery get blocked.
Angina or chest pain may occur initially dueto fatty build-up in your arteries and veins. Sometimes, the bleeding may start from blood vessels and you can get a stroke afterward.
Don’t ignore the symptoms of cardiovascular disease!
Chest discomfort is the major complaint of most of the people. If your heart is in danger, you would feel chest tightness, pressure, and pain. Secondly, indigestion, nausea, heartburn and stomach pain are also the alarming signs of a heart problem.
Also, the people who had experienced the heart attack revealed that they had an episode of radiating pain from chest to arm. If you’re fainting more frequently or feeling lightheaded, you shouldn’t neglect this. It would be the indication of dropping down of blood pressure because your heart isn’t working optimally.
If the throat or jaw pain is radiating to the chest and you’re feeling compression, seek medical attention immediately. It would also be the indication of heart attack.
Another symptom is unexplained exhaustion while climbing upstairs. For women, this symptom is typically important. Cold sweats without any possible reasons could also be the alarming sign that your heart is in trouble. However, irregular heartbeat and inflamed legs and ankles are other cardinal signs of something is going wrong in your cardiovascular system.
You should also know about the symptoms of stroke. If anyone is experiencing the sudden numbness or weakness of the face, leg, or arm, confusion, trouble speaking, blurred vision or trouble seeing, trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination, and severe headache, then, you should call the emergency immediately and get medical help straight away.
Who are at risk of cardiovascular diseases?
As heart diseases and stroke are interlinked, their risk factors are also somehow common. Those who possess any one or two of the following risk factors are at higher chances of getting affected by the heart disease and stroke.
• High blood pressure
• High tobacco consumption
• Physical inactivity
• Unhealthy diet
• Excessive intake of alcohol
• High sugar levels
• High blood lipids
• Family history of CVDs
Men tend to develop CVD more likely than women. Also, old age individuals are also at a higher risk of heart diseases
What are the diagnostic tests and other treatment measuresof cardiovascular disease?
Your doctor may ask you to have several tests done, including ECG or CBC. Aspirin, calcium channel blockers, and nitrates may also be prescribed in order to maximize the blood circulation. If the condition is more severe, your doctor would recommend the surgical procedure to improve the quality of life.angioplasty is often considered rather to open the dilated blood vessel so that the blood circulation of the muscle is restored. Coronary artery bypass surgery is another procedure to fix the cardiac structures. The major goal of your treatment is mainly to take the quality as well as quantity of your life to the next levelof health.
Also, after the heart attack or even stroke, you need to be more careful of your diet. Make sure that you’re not taking the fatty food or even foods containing high levels of sugar. And also,you should walk at least 30 mins in a day.
How to prevent the cardiovascular disease and stroke?
According to WHO, the prevention and control are based on two types of intervention, nationwide and individual basis. By implementing the following measures in your life and educating the following to others, not only you can reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease on individual basis, in fact, the entire community will be strengthened and healthier.
• Kick out the tobacco from your life
• Limit the intake of sugar and sugary beverages
• Reduce the salt intake
• Say no to overdrinking of alcohol
• Provide healthy school meals to your children so that they won’t become obese
• Get involved in the physical activity
• Try out meditation or yoga to get relieve from stress
• Stop bingeing
• Instead of eating oily, unhealthy foods, include fruits, vegetables, and lentils in your daily routine.
• Reduce your weight
However, unmodifiable causes of cardiovascular disease are gender, age, genetics. You can’t change the unmodifiable cause but, you can control the modifiable reasons. You should be aware of the symptoms of the cardiovascular disease so that youcan battle with the bigger issue more profoundly.