People always love to get their crowning jewel fixed – from the asymmetric cuts to the returning feathered hair; they would always grab the chance to showcase a sleek and presentable hair. Hair Lab salon manager and stylist Christian Ravaglioli chatted with Healthwise Digest about what makes Hair Lab’s concept unique from other local salons, his passion for the art, and one great hair fact-cum-tip that both men and women may not be well aware of.
The Hair Lab: Offer them Comfortability
According to the professional hairstylist, a salon’s success comes from the satisfying feedbacks of its customers. “Our unique selling point is comfortability. When our customers feel comfortable, they are simply happy. Even if you have done a good job but your customer is not comfortable, they will no longer do a second visit. We provide European hair style at Hair Lab. The difference we have compared to other shops is that we use brands that are deemed good products. We are here to make the customers feel comfortable and happy. The customers do not come only for haircut. They also notice good reception, and friendly staff. This is what we try to do to be almost perfect,” Christian Ravaglioli said.
With 45 years of professional hairstyling under his sleeve, Christian attested that hair products are also as important as the stylist experience.
“I have started a long time ago. I worked in France and by 1996, worked in China. I returned to France and stayed there for 4-5 years and went back to China for another 6 years. The first time I came in Cambodia, I planned to open my own shop. However, it was hard for me when you don’t know the city or where you can find a good place of shop or the target customer. Hence I decided to go back to China again. Fortunately, I returned here and I found this place,” he said.
“Hair products can always be risky if one doesn’t know how to use them. The problem here is that most Cambodian hairstylists do not learn enough about the product. They only get to learn the basics such as haircuts and tools, but not really about the chemicals that have direct effect on the scalp and hair. You know you can take care of your customers if you use big brands that are also safe. Also, they need to know where the products came from. We have here Goldwell from Germany, Macadamia Shampoo and Condition from US,” Christian attested.
Upon asking what makes his job fulfilling, Christian only attributed the job as his life’s passion. “I never follow the books when I do my job. I follow my feelings and my experience. Even when customers choose pictures, sometimes they choose something they cannot have. Ladies with straight hair, for example, cannot get the same volume from the pictures. I explain to them and they all trust me. I work like that in China and I never had any problems. You need to know about your customer, touch their hair and with their texture, you know already what to do and what is suitable for them. In my experience, I saw hairstylists with a lot of customers but are not good. However, they are very friendly and the people love them. Hairstyling is like an art. We create and we don’t just cut. This is the line that separates us from cutters. A good hairstylist wants to create something. He is an artist. He has to create and not just follow the technicalities or what their mentors tells him to do.”
“A hairstylist must love his job. It is neither an easy job nor a lucrative job. You can earn some but it depends on the country you are working at. It is a difficult job, you walk and stand 10 hours a day, 6 days a week and we have to take care of our customers. I also wonder why salaries of hairstylists are not really high. You don’t become a millionaire but you become an artist. I prefer to have this fulfillment rather than being rich,” Christian addressed.
When asked about the best hair advice reader need to do at home, he only mentioned one incredible fact, which most people may not know.
“Do not wash your hair (with hair products) too much and do not wash it too often. It is not recommended. The water, especially here in Cambodia, is really aggressive. When you wash your hair, you are exciting your scalp sebum and your scalp gets dry. You might eventually get dandruff. This is because we wash too much. If the customer uses really good shampoo, they can softly wash one in the morning. If you use a lot of products, it is not good for our scalp. We don’t have to wash our hair every morning, rinsing them is enough,” he revealed.
You might think that your child acquired a simple pharyngitis through presence of basic symptoms such as vomiting and fever.
However, additional symptoms arise—low alertness, light sensitivity and poor eating/drinking habits—and you are now confused as to really what your kid has. The symptoms of the Invasive Pneumococcal Disease (IPD) may not always be obvious and the condition might even be new to you. Now is the proper time to be aware. Your child might be suffering from one.
Shockingly, the IPD results in high morbidity and mortality globally each year—children having the highest rates of this disease. It has been estimated that almost 1 in 6 child deaths are due to pneumonia. Worldwide, an estimated 476,000 children aged two years of age and under die every year from this disease infections (Weekly Epidemiological Record, 2012, WHO Pneumococcal vaccines WHO position paper). Although it is a vaccine-preventable disease, the Streptococcus Pneumonia causing bacteria IPD results to a spectrum of invasive and mucosal disease that includes Meningitis, Bacteraemia, Acute Otitis Media and Sinusitis. Upon invading the lungs, the bacteria then cause pneumonia. An extended bacterial penetration among a child’s bloodstream, tissues and fluids surrounding the brain and spinal cord trigger the corresponding conditions stated above.
Besides adults 65 years of age and below, and those with compromised immune systems, babies and young children are more susceptible to acquiring IPD. According to a study, easily breathe-in bacteria through the nose or mouth when an infected person coughs or sneezes (Vaccine-Preventable Disease, 2014, Public Health Agency of Canada). Globally, about 14.5 million cases of serious pneumococcal disease are reported every year in children (MMWR 2013, CDC). Fortunately, pneumococcal infections could already be treated effectively with antibiotics. Recently, many pneumococcal bacteria are becoming resistant to commonly used antibiotics making treatment more difficult. For this reason, it is desirable to prevent pneumococcal infections through vaccination, rather than depend on antibiotic treatment after infection occurs.
Pneumococcal Disease Vaccine
In Cambodia, 28% of Cambodian child deaths have been reported caused by IPD (Unicef Cambodia, http://www.unicef.org/cambodia/12633_19886.html). Besides pneumonia this IPD is the main agent that contributes to a number of child deafness through otitis media. Children under 5 years of age are encouraged to get the Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13). The PCV13 covers 13 pneumococcal serotypes, which cause the majority of pneumococcal infections.
Presently, there are more than 90 strains of the IPD bacteria. The former PCV7, the first vaccine for IPD, only protects 7 strains. Though there has been a major key player in the significant decrease of IPD cases since 2000, a new set of pneumococcal serotypes have become more widespread - particularly one serotype, 19A. The PCV13 still includes the former 7 serotypes in PCV7 and have boosted through 6 additional serotypes, including the 19A, making it better in protecting against IPD’s most common strains.
With the success of PCV7 in protecting 65,900 children worldwide with no major safety issues identified, the PCV13’s safety profile have been tested and proven comparable with the former’s safety profile. The most commonly reported (more than 20% of subjects—4,700 healthy infants and toddlers) adverse reactions were injection-site reactions, fever, decreased appetite, irritability, and increased or decreased sleep, which has been the same with PCV7’s.
Because the risk of invasive pneumococcal disease is greatest for children less than one year old, the greatest advantage in preventing this disease can be obtained by vaccinating your child as a series of 4 doses at 2, 4, 6, and 12 months old. Healthy children 24 months through 4 years old who are unvaccinated or have not completed the PCV13 series should get 1 dose (Licensure of a PCV13 for Use of PCV13 Among Children—ACIP, 2010). However, while vaccines are deemed safe and recommended for most children, some children should not get certain vaccines for medical reasons. Children with certain medical conditions might have special vaccine needs.
Given probable infection arise, the following laboratory studies may be used and be conducted to diagnose IPD:
• White blood cell (WBC) count and differential
• Antigen tests (cerebrospinal fluid [CSF], urine)
• Gram stain (CSF, synovial fluid, pleural fluid)
• Culture (blood, CSF, pleural fluid, middle ear effusion, synovial fluid)
Kids, truthfully, are among the ones most vulnerable to acquiring diseases. However, parents need be aware that there are different measures they can easily decide in protecting their children from different diseases, most especially from preventing pneumococcal infection. Besides risk factor reduction approaches (breast feeding, hand washing, etc.), the best way to safeguard our children is through immunization.
Check with your nearest health care provider for more immunization details.
At 32 years old, broadcast TV host Chhit Socheata has been over the air for years engaging the public with her grace at TV shopping programs and fashion segments, as well as acting in films and MTVs.
Healthwise Digest covered a brief interview with the star to know more about her juggling of both her career life and health, as well as managing kids health.
Born in Takeo Province, Socheata went to Phnom Penh to fulfill her studies and find a suitable work. Her dreams of entering the show business was already laid to her path back then. In 2003, while working for a marketing company, she filled an emcee post with the Apsara TV channel and this paved way to her attaining her dreams. This led to numerous hosting jobs as well as acting opportunities on a few local movies and music videos.
Though still single, Socheata is aware of nurturing kids. The third of four sisters and two brothers, she’s more than happy to take care of her nieces. Managing health conditions, especially with kids, is not easy. “I used to experience seeing my niece suffering from high fever and it was difficult. At first her fever was not noticeable but when we saw her going through seizure and her finger already rigid, we had to bring her to the hospital immediately. We were all scared. Fortunately, she was cured by the hospital’s pediatric specialist. Since then I make it a point to advise everyone not to ignore their kids fever as it may lead to other conditions such as meningitis,” Socheata said.
“I also suffered from a major disease,” she added. “A few years ago, I used to have Goiter due to insufficient iodine. I wasn’t aware of it at first. I felt so uncomfortable and weak and I had to take medicines for a year or two. I think it has to do with me not having enough iodine even when I was young. For this, I strongly suggest everyone to take care of his/her health by taking enough vitamins and carefully assess whatever conditions s/he has.”
With all these, Socheata highly urge people to focus on their health. “Practice prioritizing your health while you are still young. Do not wait you get old. Most Cambodians always think that earning and saving money while they are young is a first priority. They don’t place enough importance on their health and when they are old, sometimes it’s already too late for treatments. Start in daily routines of drinking at least two liters of water per day and check your diet so you know you have a good weight,” Socheata concluded.
With the onset of the first vaccine preventing the lethal mosquito-borne infection that places third world countries at risk and the current sporadic number of dengue cases for the past five years in Cambodia, Healthwise Digest had the pleasure of interviewing Dr. Philippe Dussart, Head of Virology Unit at the Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (IPC).
We have invited him to share to the public the factors affecting the vaccine and drug treatment development, the country’s present programs that thwart the disease, as well as the role of IPC.
Healthwise Digest (HD): Are the number of dengue cases in the country likely to increase over the next decade, given the current growth from the past years?
Dr. Philippe Dussart (Dr. Dussart):
Dengue virus is an arbovirus, which means it is a virus that is transmitted by an arthropod vector, mainly Aedes mosquitoes. This virus infects approximately 50-100 million people annually in over 100 endemic countries. However, predicting the number of dengue cases over a year in one country remains difficult, given that four dengue serotypes have been described (Dengue-1, -2, -3 and -4). A subject can first get infected by one of the four dengue serotypes: after acquiring the immunity against one serotype, the organism will develop antibodies against this serotype, and will therefore be immunized against this serotype. However, this person would still be at risk of contracting the other dengue serotypes. Dengue circulation is well-described in Cambodia during the rainy season and occurs from May to September with the highest incidence of dengue cases usually observed in July or August. A gradual decrease is then observed from September until the end of the year. Dengue cases are rarely detected from December to April.
Since 2011, we have mainly encountered one same dengue serotype over the Cambodian dengue season, although the three other serotypes are also occasionally detected. Last year, in 2015, we observed an increasing number of dengue cases compared to the previous year, but the outbreak was still lower than in 2013, and variations of dengue cases over the next few years are difficult to estimate.
Dengue-1 serotype has been circulating in Cambodia since 2011 and most of the population is now immunized against this virus which suggests that the next outbreak could be related to another dengue serotype.
Therefore, one cannot easily say that dengue cases are increasing every year, since the occurrence of infections depend on people’s immunity as well as on the types of dengue virus that are circulating in the country during a given period. Bearing all these in mind, predicting the extent and the degree of severity of the next dengue season still remains a difficult task at present.
HD: Given the seasonality and fluctuation in numbers, is it enough to state that the country is ready in battling and preventing this disease in terms of resources and/or facilities?
Dr. Dussart: Dengue has been a major public health challenge in Cambodia, which is why the Ministry of Health has made it a national priority since 1996. As a Franco-Cambodian institute and a research agency placed under the patronage of the Ministry of Health, the Institut Pasteur du Cambodge’s researchers, along with their colleagues from the Ministry of Health from the National Dengue Control Program at the Cambodia National Malaria Center, are dedicating a large part of their research capacity to tackle the disease.
Laboratory testing for dengue was introduced in 2000, whereas active sentinel surveillance of dengue was established in 2001.
From that time, the IPC’s Virology Unit has always collaborated with its CNM colleagues. At the IPC’s Virology Unit, being a reference laboratory for arboviruses diagnosis, we receive samples from different provincial hospitals on a weekly basis, contribute to the detection of the virus and are involved in research such as genotyping and sequencing of the dengue virus.
HD: What is the impact of dengue outbreak on the country’s public health?
Dr. Dussart: This definitely has a huge impact on the country’s public health, since most of the infected patients are young people, mainly children aged between 1 and 15. It has a huge impact because if you are suspected to have contracted a severe form of the disease, you need to be treated in hospital. However, we also have to consider that some patients only present mild-fever or a clinical spectrum of non-severe clinical manifestations, thus not requiring a doctor’s visit.
HD: We have already heard in 2015 that there is an approved dengue vaccine out in the market. Would you care to provide us some insight regarding that vaccine?
Dr. Dussart: Researches on dengue virus started 40 years ago. Dengvaxia, is the first dengue manufactured vaccine. It was developed by the pharmaceutical laboratory Sanofi Pasteur after two decades of research and scientific development. Its commercialization in Mexico, Brazil and the Philippines has recently been approved. The company is now working on obtaining authorizations to distribute it in countries where dengue is endemic. We are entering the era of the dengue vaccine, which makes us hope that we will soon be able to reduce the burden of the disease in Southeast Asia, as well as in all countries where dengue is a major public health priority. This first vaccine is indicated to patients aged from 9 years old up to 45 years old, who are living in endemic areas. The decision to authorize the marketing of this vaccine in Cambodia remains in the hands of the Ministry of Health. Up to now, the vaccine has not been approved in Cambodia yet.
Dengvaxia is a live recombinant tetravalent dengue vaccine, which means it is a chimeric vaccine with a backbone of yellow fever vaccine strain in which genes of envelope and membrane of each dengue serotype have been introduced. Clinical studies have shown that the vaccine was safe to use and designed to protect against all four dengue serotypes. However, its efficacy varies depending on the serotypes. Several vaccine candidates against dengue from other companies, are currently in the development pipeline, with different approaches.
HD: Do you have any idea of why it has taken such a long time to produce a vaccine?
Dr. Dussart: Producing a dengue vaccine took 40 years, it has been a quite long and difficult process. One of the main difficulty faced when developing the vaccine was related to the antibody-dependent enhancement: after being infected by a first dengue serotype (primary infection), a subject develops protective antibodies against this serotype. During a secondary infection (infection by one of the three other serotypes), the presence of antibodies acquired from the first dengue infection (also named heterotypic antibodies) which remains at lows level in some cases, enhances dengue virus infection in cells and can increase the inflammatory response. The consequence of this phenomenon is an increased risk to develop a severe form of dengue disease such as dengue hemorrhagic fever. Developing a monovalent vaccine, active against one dengue serotype would be easier and faster. However, the phenomenon of antibody-dependent enhancement requires pharmaceutical companies to develop an active vaccine against all four dengue serotypes.
HD: What is the immunity duration of the Dengvaxia vaccine?
Dr. Dussart: Dengvaxia has been evaluated as a 3-dose series on a 0, 6 and 12 month schedule in Phase III clinical studies. It has been observed during clinical studies that a set of three vaccinations contributed to increase antibody responses and may also increase the quality of the antibody response and the duration of the protection. The WHO Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization is currently reviewing the evidence for Dengvaxia and will advise WHO on a policy position for this new vaccine. The elements to be taken in consideration are: vaccine safety, vaccine efficacy, disease burden and cost-effectiveness.
HD: We have seen a few vaccines that have been developed and sold for a higher price, which may not be easy for the general public. Do you have any idea as to how much this vaccine will be priced?
Dr. Dussart: If Sanofi Pasteur wants to sell Dengvaxia to Southeast Asia, the company will have to adapt the price according to the economic level of the country. Of course, I don’t think that their intention is to sell such a vaccine at the same price as in Europe or the U.S., where the targeted population would be people who plan to travel in dengue endemic areas.
HD: If there is a success in delivering a vaccine to prevent dengue, why do we still don’t have a treatment drug?
Dr. Dussart: There are currently several on-going researches on anti-viral drugs that should be able to treat dengue infections, but at this stage I haven’t heard of any component that could be commercialized any time soon. The difficulty to develop anti-viral drugs is explained by several factors: First, components or molecules need to be selected as potential anti-viral drug. Second, we need to target a specific mechanism such as virus entry in targeted cells or virus replication in infected-cells, for example. Designing drug discovery studies and screening natural or synthetized components takes time.
HD: On a final note, what are the basic advices you can share to our readers that they can practice at home to prevent acquiring dengue?
Dr. Dussart: My first advice would be to avoid mosquito bites. We know that the highest rates of mosquito bites occur at sunrise and sunset. You can wear clothes which protect from mosquito bites. You can also use repellents containing an effective product such as DEET, Picardin (Icaridin), Citriodiol (p-menthane-3,8-diol = PMD) or IR3535 (3-[N-Butyl-N-acetyl]-aminopropionic acid, ethyl ester). Babies and young children must sleep under bed-nets during day-time.
My second advice and probably the most important one is to avoid small water collection in and around your house, as this creates larval development sites for mosquito vectors of dengue, Zika and Chikungunya viruses. These water bodies are stagnant water in the garden, jars or tires. If they are not covered or destroyed, mosquito larvae are likely to develop in them.
Circumcision is the surgical removal of the skin covering the tip of the penis. It is fairly common for newborn boys in certain parts of the world. For some families, circumcision is a religious barrier. This procedure can also be a matter of both family tradition and personal hygiene or preventive health care.
Routine circumcision is usually performed during the first 10 days (often within the first 48 hours), either in the hospital or, for some religious ritual circumcisions, at home.
Parents who choose circumcision often do so based on religious beliefs, concerns about hygiene, or cultural or social reasons. In the Jewish faith, a boy is circumcised when he's 8 days old in a bris ceremony performed by a specially trained professional. Routine circumcision is also a tradition in the Islamic faith. It's standard protocol with many Americans as well, but not in Latino or European cultures. Sometimes there's a medical need for circumcision, such as when the foreskin is too tight to be pulled back (retracted) over the glans. Read through this article and make the right decision for your kids.
Studies have shown, however, that circumcised males have a decreased risk of urinary-tract infections in the first year of life (decreased risk of urinary tract infections that often cause permanent kidney damage in babies, smegma (a combination of shed skin cells, skin oils, and moisture), oncogenic types of human papillomavirus, genital herpes, syphilis and chancroid, penile cancer, and possibly prostate cancer, phimosis, paraphimosis, thrush, balanitis (inflammation of the glans) and balanoposthitis (inflammation of the glans and foreskin), as well as of cancer of the penis and sexually transmitted diseases such as herpes and human papillomavirus (HPV) later in life.
It is also simpler to wash the penis when circumcised.
A need for Circumcision
1 in 10 older boys and men face with phimosis, which is where the foreskin is too tight to be pulled back over the head of the penis (glans); this can sometimes cause pain when the penis is erect and, in rare cases, passing urine may be difficult (Circumcision in adults - NHS Choices). It increase the risk of cancer 12-fold.
• One in 10 uncircumcised men get inflammation of the head of the penis which is covered by the foreskin. And the number rises to 1 in 3 if the uncircumcised man is diabetic. In contrast only 2% of circumcised men get this condition.it reduces by 3-fold the risk of inflammation and infection of the skin of the penis.
• Over 10-fold decrease in risk of urinary tract infection. Whereas risk is only 1 in 500 for a circumcised boy, 1 in 50 uncircumcised males will get a urinary tract infection in infancy and 1 in 5 over the lifetime. In infant, this very painful condition is particularly dangerous. 40% develop kidney inflammation and disease; sepsis and meningitis can also result.
• Over 20-fold decrease in risk of invasive penile cancer, which has a high fatality rate. One in 1,000 uncircumcised men get penile cancer, which usually requires penile amputation or disfiguring surgery leading to impaired penile function.
• Uncircumcised men have elevated risk of prostate cancer
• If not circumcised soon after birth, up to 10% of males will later require one anyway for medical reasons.
Any procedure always have its risk. However for circumcision, risk is low. These include bleeding at the side of circumcision, pain, irritation of the glands, bleeding, increase the risk of injury to the penis as well as urethra meatus inflammation.
There is no medical reason for "routine" circumcision of baby boys. In addition to considering the medical factors, religious and cultural beliefs might play a role. If these are important to you, they deserve to be seriously considered. And this will always be the personal choice. However, as representation, this surgical act like a vaccine that play important role in fighting wide range of infections, adverse medical conditions and the best thing is protect a person’s sexual partner. There are many benefits to weigh the pros and cons.
Cambodia’s poverty rate has slowly declined over the past couple of years. With almost 3 million poor people and over 8.1 million nearing poor, Cambodian families who had escaped poor living status are only a small fraction.
And unfortunately, malnutrition still crawls and continuously poses threats towards the lives of thousands of children. “While the Kingdom has made major strides to overcome malnutrition, about 6,000 children still die every year from the condition,” said Secretary-General Lao Sokha of the Council for Agricultural and Rural Development. The Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition reported that this malnourishment case has cost the country in excess of $400 USD million yearly.
Factors Aggregating Malnutrition in Cambodia
For most people, malnutrition is just a concept of insufficiency of food supply and even lack of priority of families in handling their children’s wellbeing. However, there are also certain factors in the overall system that affects malnutrition, which is way beyond the food and medication demand. A perfect example for this are children receiving proper foods but have been affected by unsanitary drinking water, which automatically leads them to acquiring worm infection as well as diarrhea. As a result, the children have inadequate ability to absorb nutrients therefore promoting malnourishment.
Around 6.3 million out of 14.9 million Cambodians are unable to access clean drinking water, most of them poor and living in rural areas. In 2001, 50−70% of the burden of diarrheal diseases, measles, malaria and lower respiratory infections was attributable to malnutrition.
Maternal malnutrition and inappropriate breastfeeding and complementary feeding are among the main causes of ill-health among children. Deficiencies in the diet of vitamin A, iodine, iron and zinc are still widespread and are a common cause of excess morbidity and mortality. For developed countries such as Cambodia, the onset of malnutrition is during 6 to 18 months of age Breastfeeding is always crucial to prevent malnutrition and it should be exclusive for six months. Many Cambodian mothers do not have good complementary feeding practices as they often introduce other types of foods too early, and as these complementary foods are often not nutritious enough, consisting mainly of rice or soups with low energy density (Anderson et al., 2008).
The latest estimated energy requirements from complementary foods, assuming an average breast-milk intake, are 200 kcal/day for infants aged 6–8 months, 300 kcal/day for infants aged 9–11 months, and 550 kcal/day for children aged 12–23 months.
Complementary foods should be varied and include adequate quantities of meat, poultry, fish or eggs, as well as vitamin A-rich fruits and vegetables every day. Where this is not possible, the use of fortified complementary foods and vitamin mineral supplements may be necessary to ensure adequacy of particular nutrient intakes.
As infants grow, the consistency of complementary foods should change from semisolid to solid foods and the variety of foods offered should increase. By eight months, infants can eat ‘finger foods’ and by 12 months, most children can eat the same types of food as the rest of the family (Complementary feeding Report of the global consultation, Geneva, December 2001, Summary of guiding principles).
Kids, apparently, can be protected from future health problems through imposing healthy habits while they are still young. It was discovered that most common diseases has been shown to begin and develop in early childhood years.
Atherosclerosis begins in childhood as deposits of cholesterol and its esters, referred to as fatty streaks, in the intima of large muscular arteries. Control of these risk factors, especially in childhood, is the major strategy for preventing atherosclerotic disease (Henry Mcgill, et. al, 2000, Origin of atherosclerosis in childhood). It’s important to concentrate on healthy lifestyles in children to prevent adult cardiovascular disease.
A high salt intake in children influences blood pressure and may prompt an individual to the development of a number of diseases including: high blood pressure, osteoporosis, respiratory illnesses such as asthma, stomach cancer and obesity.
Furthermore, there is evidence that dietary habits in childhood and adolescence also influence eating patterns in later life. Liking salt and salty foods is a learned taste preference and the recommendation that the adult population reduce their sodium intake will be more successful if children do not develop a preference for salt in the fist place. This can only be achieved if children are given a diet which is low in salt (Hofman, A., A. Hazebroek, and H.A. Valkenburg, A randomized trial of sodium intake and blood pressure in newborn infants).
Like adults, children consume more salt than the maximum recommendation. Simple measures need to be taken to help reduce salt intake and therefore reduce the number of people suffering from cardiovascular disease (Geleijnse, J.M., et al., Long-term effects of neonatal sodium restriction on blood pressure. Hypertension)
Children have to ‘Eat their A, B, Cs…”. Vitamin enriched food are paramount to their diet. Aside from the basic Vitamin A, C, D and E that are necessary for a strong immune system, Vitamin B such as B1 (thiamin), B6 (pyridoxine) and B12 (cobalamin) help promote healthy heart.
Cruciferous vegetables, such as cabbage, cauliflower, turnips and green leafy vegetables, may offer the best protection from heart disease. People who ate the most cruciferous vegetables were 22 percent less likely to die of heart disease (American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Editors of The Johns Hopkins Medical Letter)
Also, kids have to increase physical their and limit their sedentary activities. Kids should participate in at least one hour of moderate activity daily to help contribute to their cardiovascular health.
Physical activity is not just exercise. It also includes:
• Plan a hike or neighborhood walk together as a family.
• Limit TV and computer time to no more than 1-2 hours per day.
The 2006 U.S. Surgeon General's Report, "The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Secondhand Smoke," has concluded that there is no safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke and that, on average, children are exposed to more secondhand smoke than adults. Children are significantly affected by secondhand smoke. Children's bodies are still developing, and exposure to the poisons in secondhand smoke puts them at risk of severe respiratory diseases, can hinder the growth of their lungs and other diseases. About 600,000 non-smokers, including children, are killed each year from exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke. Half of the world’s children regularly breathe air polluted by tobacco smoke. Remember that smoking causes 10% of cardiovascular disease case around the globe (ACT NOW Infography, World Heart Federation).
We have to recognize that heart healthy habits are formed in early years. This set the scene for our offspring to have a long and healthy life. Being a positive role model will not only improve your own health but will also be setting up healthier habits in your children for life.